Session III: Islamophobia as a Concept: Historical and Philosophical Roots of Islamophobia in Europe

Prof. Hans Köchler (University of Innsbruck, Austria), third from left, with Prof. Murat Erdoğan (Director of the Migration and Politics Research Center, Hacettepe University, Turkey), organizer of the conference, left, Prof. Hacı Halil Uslucan (University of Essen, Germany), moderator, second from left, and  panelists Prof. Raymond Taras (Tulane University, USA), Prof. Bülent Şenay (Uludag University, Turkey), and Dr. Farid Hafez (Lecturer at the University of Vienna, Austria).

Opening Session

Dr. Abdullah Gül, President of the Republic of Turkey, center, with Mr. Beşir Atalay, Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey, left, and Prof. A. Murat Tuncer, Rector of Hacettepe University, right; row behind, between the first two speakers, Prof. Hans Köchler (President of the International Progress Organization, Vienna, Austria).